The real reason the Apple logo has a piece of it
Alan Turing was born in 1912, and by the 1930s he was laying the foundations on which modern computers are built. He invented the algorithm and the idea of a computer machine that could run said algorithms. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, Turing’s decryption work was a vital part of the Allied war effort. Highlights include cracking the Enigma code, something the Germans thought impossible.
One place you can see Turing’s name these days is in stories and articles related to artificial intelligence (AI). Turing’s imitation game, also known as Turing test, has long been considered a benchmark for AI to aspire to. To pass the test, an AI would have to hold a conversation with a human and not reveal the fact that it was a computer. Turing’s name has also been associated with a number of electrical devices, including one of NVIDIA’s GPU architectures and a now defunct mobile phone company.
The decoding work of Turing and his team at Bletchley Park is often credited with shortening the length of World War II and saving lives. Turing was also gay, which was illegal in Britain at the time. In 1952 he was convicted of gross indecency and chemically castrated after his relationship with a 19-year-old man from Manchester was discovered by authorities. Despite his pioneering work in computing and decoding, Turing’s conviction overshadowed his later life (via British).
So how could all of this relate to Alan Turing? Turing’s body was discovered near a cyanide-covered apple with a bite taken. His death was ruled a suicide, but many people, including some official biographers, believe Turing’s death was accidental. The codebreaker received a posthumous royal pardon in 2013 (via the BBC).