Latest news on Russia and the war in Ukraine

The UN announces at least 5,327 dead in Ukraine since the start of the war

This photograph taken on July 15, 2022 shows newly dug graves at a cemetery in Vinogradnoe district, Donetsk region, amid ongoing Russian military action in Ukraine.

– | AFP | Getty Images

The United Nations has confirmed 5,327 civilian deaths and 7,257 injuries in Ukraine since Russia invaded its former Soviet neighbor on February 24.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights said the death toll in Ukraine is likely higher, as armed conflict may delay death reports.

The international organization said most of the civilian casualties recorded were caused by the use of explosive weapons with a wide impact area, including heavy artillery fire and multiple rocket launchers, as well as missiles and air strikes.

—Amanda Macias

Russia’s highest court designates Ukrainian Azov regiment as a ‘terrorist’ group

Russia’s Supreme Court has recognized the Ukrainian Azov regiment as a terrorist group, according to Reuters, in a ruling that could see captured soldiers tried under strict anti-terrorism laws and potentially jailed for up to 20 years.

The Azov Regiment, which has far-right and ultra-nationalist roots, has been a prominent unit fighting pro-Russian forces in eastern Ukraine.

It was officially integrated into the Ukrainian National Guard at the end of 2014, shortly after being established as a paramilitary volunteer group.

—Sam Meredith

German chemical company warns of collapse of production line as Putin compresses gas flows

Covestro warned on Tuesday that gas rationing could lead to the closure of some of its sites, with its CEO stressing the importance of reducing the company‘s reliance on fossil fuels.

“Due to the close ties between the chemical industry and downstream sectors, further deterioration of the situation is likely to lead to the collapse of entire supply and production chains,” the firm said.

Read the full story here.

—Anmar Frangoul

Russia facing “economic oblivion”

Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a plenary session of the Strong Ideas for a New Time forum organized by the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI) in Moscow, Russia July 20, 2022.

Alexei Maishev | Kremlin | sputnik | via Reuters

Russia faces long-term “economic oblivion” due to international sanctions and corporate flight, several economists have said.

Many see lasting costs to Russia’s economy from the exit of foreign companies – which will affect productive capacity and capital and lead to “brain drain” – as well as the loss of its long-term oil and gas markets and a reduced access to essential imports of technology and inputs.

Read the full story here.

—Elliot Smith

BP’s Gelsenkirchen plant no longer uses Russian crude

BP shares are up more than 20% since the start of the year.

Sopa Pictures | Light flare | Getty Images

Amid his second-quarter earnings update on Tuesday, BP CEO Bernard Looney said the company’s refinery in Gelsenkirchen, Germany was no longer using Russian crude, down 50% .

Oil majors were one of many sectors that reduced or significantly reduced their exposure to Russia after its invasion of Ukraine.

At the end of February, BP announced that it was offloading its 19.75% stake in Rosneft, a Russian-controlled oil company.

—Matt Clinch

US ‘deeply concerned’ about Russian control of Ukrainian nuclear facilities, Blinken says

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken speaks during the tenth annual review of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty at UN Headquarters on August 1, 2022 in New York City.

Spencer Platt | Getty Images

Secretary of State Antony Blinken said the United States was “deeply concerned” by reports that Russian forces had taken control of nuclear facilities in Ukraine.

“There are credible reports, including in the media today, that Russia is using this plant as the equivalent of a human shield, but a nuclear shield in the sense that it is firing at Ukrainians from the vicinity plant,” Blinken told reporters at the United States. United Nations, adding that it was “the height of irresponsibility”.

“And of course the Ukrainians cannot and will not retaliate, lest there be a terrible accident involving a nuclear power plant,” he said.

Blinken said it was important for the International Atomic Energy Agency to have access to nuclear facilities in order to guard against an accident.

—Amanda Macias

Germany squabbles over nuclear shutdown amid gas supply worries

Steam rises from the cooling tower of the nuclear power plant (NPP) Isar 2 in Essenbach in Germany.

Armin Weigel | Image Alliance | Getty Images

Growing concern over the impact of a possible Russian gas cut is fueling debate in Germany over whether the country should shut down its last three nuclear power plants as planned at the end of this year.

The door to some kind of extension seemed to open after the Economy Ministry announced a new “stress test” on the security of electricity supply in mid-July. It is supposed to take into account a more difficult scenario than a previous test, concluded in May, which revealed that supplies were assured.

Since then, Russia has cut natural gas supply through the Nord Stream 1 gas pipeline to Germany to 20% of capacity amid war-related tensions in Ukraine. He cited technical problems which Germany says are just an excuse for political power play. Russia has recently accounted for about a third of Germany’s gas supply, and there are fears it could turn off the tap entirely.

The main opposition bloc, the Union, is increasingly calling for an extension of the lifespan of nuclear power plants. Similar calls have come from the smaller party in Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s coalition government, the business-friendly Free Democrats.

— Associated Press

Macron tells Zelenskyy that Russian war crimes will not go unpunished

French President Emmanuel Macron says he supports a cap on Russian oil prices as he addresses the media on the third and final day of the G7 summit at Schloss Elmau on June 28, 2022 near Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Sean Gallup | Getty Images News | Getty Images

French President Emmanuel Macron told Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in a phone call that war crimes committed by Russian forces “will not go unpunished”.

“As war crimes multiply, the President of the Republic reaffirmed his support for the Ukrainian people and their resistance and declared his determination to ensure that these crimes do not go unpunished,” a source from the presidential office wrote. French in a call reading.

During the call, the 36th exchange between the two leaders since the start of Russia’s war in Ukraine, Macron said France would send a team of forensic experts and a mobile DNA analysis laboratory to Ukraine. .

—Amanda Macias

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